Is Diaphragmatic Breathing the Best Breathing Technique for Singing?
I’m a stickler for language. I like to use words correctly when possible.
There are several ways to breathe while singing. I don’t want you to think that I’m trying to force my way upon you.
There is a better way to breathe for singing than diaphragmatic singing. It’s called costal-diaphragmatic singing.
Before you roll your eyes thinking, “so what, they’re the same!”, know that they are not the same.
There are quite a few ways to breath. Here’s a short list of the most common:
- Costal-only (the breathing muscles between your ribs)
- Clavicle (muscles at the top of your ribcage).
There are many advantages to employing the latter in your breathing for singing technique.
The Benefits of Costal-Diaphragmatic Breathing for Singing
When you breathe only with your diaphragm you are missing out on the best source of air pressure for your phrases,—passive air pressure.
Two Forces of Positive Air Pressure While Singing
When singing, you can use two different forces to increase the air pressure:
- Passive forces
- Active forces
The difference is easy to understand.
Passive forces come from two places:
- Elastic recoil forces of the lungs
- Elastic recoil forces of the expanded rib cage
Active forces come from one source only,—your abdominal muscles pushing up against your lungs to drive air out.
Passive forces are desirable because, after you’ve inhaled, there’s nothing for you to do but to let them happen.
You do less work. You’re more efficient in your singing.
Also, these forces are dependable. They do slow steadily throughout the phrase, and that’s okay.
How to Generate the Passive Forces of Exhale
The elastic forces from the expanded rib cage are only available if you expand the rib cage on your inhale!
Only a costal-diaphragmatic inhale expands the rib cage while also drawing the diaphragm down to take in a good amount of air.
Lung elasticity is maximized by the size of inhale you take.
A costal-diaphragmatic inhale takes in the most air and creates the most elasticity.
This is too complex a subject to cover here in it’s entirely. I simply want you to be aware of your choices.
I’ll leave you with a quote from one of the most respected voice coaches of the 20th century:
“Of the three main methods of breathing, upper chest, rib and diaphragmatic, it is generally conceded that the best method for singing is a combination of the latter two.”
– Barbara Doscher, The Functional Unity of the Singing Voice
Be well and enjoy your day,